Last edited by Fera
Saturday, August 15, 2020 | History

5 edition of Microbial Pathogens Within Aquifers found in the catalog.

Microbial Pathogens Within Aquifers

Principles and Protocols

by Suresh D. Pillai

  • 369 Want to read
  • 1 Currently reading

Published by R G Landes Co .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Science,
  • Life Sciences - Biology - Microbiology,
  • Laboratory manuals,
  • Pathology,
  • Microbiology,
  • Water supply,
  • Water,
  • Groundwater,
  • Science/Mathematics

  • The Physical Object
    FormatHardcover
    Number of Pages154
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL8697080M
    ISBN 101570595208
    ISBN 109781570595202

    Natural sources of water for irrigation include lakes and rivers, collected rainwater, desalinated sea water, and deep aquifers or shallow groundwater. The potential for microbial contamination of these water sources varies significantly depending on Cited by: Many ground-water quality parameters, such as pH, oxidation/reduction (redox) status, dissolved oxygen, or the presence of specific mineral constituents, may be influenced by microbial activity in the aquifer. This is especially true when the aquifer is contaminated with substances that bacteria can use for growth.

    Moulds are filamentous, multi-celled fungi with an average size larger than both bacteria and yeasts (10 X 40 µ m). Each filament is referred to as a mass of hyphae that can quickly spread over a food substrate is called the may reproduce either asexually or sexually, sometimes both within the same species. The concentrations of pathogens and chemical contaminants tend to be reduced as water infiltrates into the soil, percolates to the water table, and flows through aquifers. The contaminant attenuation processes include filtration, sorption, precipitation, sedimentation, and various biological and chemical degradation by: 1.

    Many waterborne pathogens are still difficult to detect and/or quantify due to the lack of easy and reliable methods. The specific methods that are used to detect IMs have also been reviewed in many studies (Koster et al. ; NRC ).Nowadays, new approaches based on the virulence factor-activity relationship (VF-AR) to detect emerging waterborne pathogens are being Cited by: Although concentrations of microbes below the root zone are lower than in the root zone itself, as many as 10 to million bacteria per gram of aquifer material may be present. Bacteria have been found in core samples from a depth of kilometers .


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Microbial Pathogens Within Aquifers by Suresh D. Pillai Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Microbial pathogens within aquifers: principles and protocols. [Suresh D Pillai;] -- This book is targeted at professionals, academics and students interested in the microbial characterization of aquifers. It supplies fundamental facts on hydrogeology and groundwater contamination.

The reason of this Microbial Pathogens Within Aquifers: Principles and Protocols (Environmental Intelligence Unit) can be on the list of great books you must have will be giving you more than just simple reading food but feed an individual with information that possibly will shock your preceding : Landolforizzo.

[52] Examples of possible complexities when considering the fate of bacteria in aquifers, are growth, lysis, parasitism and predation; the transport may further be effected by motility and chemotaxis [Harvey, ; Barton and Ford, ]. The growth of many enteric bacterial pathogens in natural subsurface conditions is likely to be by: The current knowledge of microbial biocenoses (communities) in pristine aquifers is presented in a review, which also discusses their relevance for questions of groundwater protection.

Review: Microbial biocenoses in Microbial Pathogens Within Aquifers book aquifers and an assessment of investigative methods Nico Goldscheider Daniel Hunkeler Pierre Rossi Abstract The current knowledge of microbial biocenoses (communities) in pristine aquifers is presented in a re-view, which also discusses their relevance for questions of groundwater protection.

Aquatic ecosystems are well connected. Once they have entered the natural water cycle, i.e., by the discharge of wastewater into surface waters, pathogens may be transmitted to aquifers and, in worse cases, to drinking water (Krauss and Griebler ).

In fact, even in devel- oped countries, pathogenic viruses. However, microbial communities are likely to be present in the fractures, fissures and conduits within the Lincolnshire Limestone and other carbonate aquifers, and also within fracture networks within igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary consolidated by: 6.

The soil is the first barrier to pathogen contamination of aquifers, as these micro-organisms are subject to naturally occurring attenuation processes File Size: KB. Special Issue "Water Recycling via Aquifers" Print Special Issue Flyer; Special Issue Editors Special Issue Information It relies on natural treatment processes within aquifers (i.e., filtration, sorption, and which include molecular detection methods for microbial pathogens and high resolution analytical chemistry methods for detecting.

Rapid pathogen transport may occur in aquifers that have large pores (such as in a gravel-dominated aquifer), as well as in fractured rock, cave systems, and sinkholes. Cryptosporidium is a protozoan that occurs naturally in surface waters such as streams and lakes.

One of the most prevalent microbiological changes was the appearance of P. acnes detected in all sampling sites within 2–3 months after the main shock; this bacteria was not found before the earthquake, and this is an unusual finding as P.

acnes is generally found on human skin and in homes, not by: 1. He has edited two books (Microbial Pathogens within Aquifers: Principles and Protocols and Preharvest and Postharvest Food Safety: Contemporary Issues and Future Directions).

He has written 20 book chapters, and published over scientific publications. The implications of intensive use of shallow geothermal energy resources in shallow urban aquifers are still not known for waterborne pathogens relevant to human health.

Firstly, we hypothesized that waterborne enteric pathogens would be relatively increased in heated groundwater by: 7. Microbial processes Since aquifers are characterized by no light and low organic carbon and nutrient availability, most microbes found in aquifers need to use inorganic electron donors and light-independent chemical reactions as a source of energy.

Therefore, as mentioned before, most microbes would be lithoautotrophs. When S mutans, lactobacilli, and other plaque species were compared in vitro for their ability to ferment sucrose at different pH values, S mutans was found to be more active than the other bacteria at pHand thus, it is probably most active in vivo at the very pH at which the teeth begin to demineralize.

Subtle increases in temperature can have profound impacts on the prevalence of various waterborne microbial pathogens. Such impacts may be seen in three major areas, 1) fecally contaminated drinking water, 2) fresh produce that has been irrigated or processed with contaminated water, and 3) seafood where pathogens and microbial toxins are present.

The goal of this study was to assess the removal of selected pathogens in four large‐scale MAR schemes and to determine the influence of aquifer characteristics, geochemistry, and type of recharge water on the pathogen survival times. Bacterial pathogens tested in this study had the shortest one log 10 removal time (T Karst aquifers are known to be generally more vulnerable to contamination than aquifers with fractured or inter-granular porosity.

Microbial pathogens can easily enter karst aquifers through thin soils and the epikarst or via sinkholes. Thus, parasitic protozoa represent an insignificant threat to groundwater in general, except for groundwater Cited by: 4.

A pathogen is an organism that causes disease. Your body is naturally full of microbes. However, these microbes only cause a problem if your immune system is weakened or if they manage to enter a Author: Adrienne Santos-Longhurst. Comparatively, pumice sand aquifers, alluvial sand aquifers and highly weathered aquifer rocks containing clay have much greater microbial removal capacities.

For each type of aquifer, the bacteriophage and bacteria removal rates are on the same order of magnitude. Microbiology refers to the study of microorganisms. As the name suggests, microorganisms are organisms that are so small they can only be seen using a microscope.

Bacteria, fungi (such as yeasts and molds), protozoa, viruses, algae, and some parasites are all types of microorganisms. Some people alsoFile Size: 2MB.Foodborne Pathogens.

Foodborne illness (commonly known as food poisoning) is often caused by consuming food contaminated by bacteria and/or their toxins, parasites, viruses, chemicals, or .Samples of USGS research about water quality and aquifers. USGS Home Contact USGS Search USGS (TCE), jet fuel, and other chemicals to leak into the subsurface which is a fractured-rock aquifer.

A project within the USGS toxic substances hydrology program is ongoing at this site: We characterized the microbial community in the transect.